The dimethiconol containing silicone blends leave a silky smooth, non-greasy film on the skin. An often used glycol that works as a solvent, humectant, penetration enhancer and also gives a good slip to the products. It's used as an emulsion stabilizer, solvent and a broad spectrum antimicrobial. Also called vitamin H, biotin is the main component of many enzymes in our body. Witch Hazel also contains tiny amounts of the essential oil and fragrance component eugenol, but the amount is so small that it's probably not significant for the skin. stays on the skin) dimethicone as the two together form a water-resistant, breathable protective barrier on the skin without a negative tacky feel. Apart from the differences in active components in different parts of the Witch Hazel bush, the extraction methods also vary. Research on smearing it on our face is also promising and shows so far a couple of things: A silicone emulsifier that helps to create water in silicone emulsions. LA deficiency leads to an impaired more permeable skin barrier and the topical application of LA-rich sunflower oil can fix this issue rapidly (while oleic-rich olive oil did not have the same barrier repairing effect). Great natural moisturizer and skin-identical ingredient that plays an important role in skin hydration and general skin health. A handy helper ingredient that helps water and oil to mix nicely together. As you might guess from the “pro” part, it’s a precursor to vitamin B5 (whose fancy name is pantothenic acid). It's a super commonly used water-thin volatile silicone that gives skin and hair a silky, smooth feel. Key Ingredients. Burdock root - anti-inflammatory and antioxidant plant extract. We don't have description for this ingredient yet. It is also an essential fatty acid meaning our body cannot synthesize it and has to take it from food. It is a so-called polyunsaturated fatty acid meaning it has more than one (in this case two) double bonds and a somewhat kinky structure that makes LA and LA-rich oils a thin liquid.It is also an essential fatty acid meaning our body cannot synthesize. Unfortunately, it seems to be limited, or to quote a great article from the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology "topically applied ascorbyl phosphate salts are, at very best, poorly absorbed in comparison with AA". Its main job in skincare products is to moisturise the skin. So if you see only Witch Hazel Extract or Witch Hazel Water on the ingredient list, it's a bit hard to know what you're actually getting but we will try to summarize the possibilities to give an idea. It is a so-called polyunsaturated fatty acid meaning it has more than one (in this case two) double bonds and a somewhat kinky structure that makes LA and LA-rich oils a thin liquid. TONYMOLY Vital Vita 12 Synergy Serum contains 83 ingredients. You can read all about the pure form here. Or it can be combined with more oil-loving emulsifiers (such as its sister, Steareth-2) to create stable emulsions. Overall, linoleic acid is a multi-functional skin goodie with barrier repairing, acne-reducing, and skin-lightening magic abilities. It's used as an emulsion stabilizer, solvent, and a broad spectrum antimicrobial. It does so by neutralizing the metal ions in the formula (that usually get into there from water) that would otherwise cause some not so nice changes. Similar to other silicones, it gives skin and hair a silky, smooth feel. A sugar ester (sucrose + palmitic acid) that works as a natural emulsifier. This long-named, polymer molecule (big molecule from repeated subunits) is a helper ingredient that's good at emulsifying and stabilizing oils into water-based formulas. A common little helper ingredient that helps water and oil to mix together, aka emulsifier. It works synergistically with preservatives and helps to improve water-resistance of sunscreens. SAP (the vit C derivative, not the enterprise software, obvs) is a promising derivative that has great stability up to pH 7. It's a nice one to spot on the ingredient list pretty much for any skin type. It's also not a medical advice. TonyMoly Vital Vita 12 Synergy Serum ingredients explained: Water, Panthenol, Dimethicone, Cyclopentasiloxane, Niacinamide, Glycerin, Butylene Glycol, Cyclomethicone, Hydrogenated Poly(C6-14 Olefin), C13-15 Alkane, Dimethicone/Vinyl Dimethicone Crosspolymer, Sodium Polyacrylate, Cetyl Alcohol, Glyceryl Stearate, Hydroxyacetophenone, Polysorbate 60, Dimethiconol, Betaine, Centella Asiatica Extract, PEG-75 Stearate, Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer… Dr. Leslie Baumann in her fantastic Cosmetic Dermatology book writes that RP is topically ineffective. Help other customers to make a right decision. Super common little helper ingredient that helps products to remain nice and stable for a longer time. It works well with all kinds of oils including natural and silicone oils. Though chamomile is usually a goodie for the skin, it's also not uncommon to have an allergic reaction to it. It's a little helper ingredient coming from corn, rice or potato starch that can help to keep skin mat (absorbent), to stabilise emulsions, and to keep the product together (binding). Like this, the products can stay more stable over time. See how many of the components are natural, and how many are synthetic. It seems to us that squalane is in fashion and there is a reason for it. It is the most abundant fatty acid in the epidermis and it serves as a structural precursor for important skin lipids called ceramides. Also, it's an effective deodorant and a medium spreading emollient. It leaves a nice non-greasy, non-heavy feeling on the skin. What's more, the anti-aging effectiveness is not the only questionable thing about RP. Sweet Orange Peel Oil, Citrus Sinensis Oil, LA, omega-6 fatty acid, 18:2 cis-9,12, Form of Vitamin F. Thanks. It's also a traditional herbal medicine used in Ayurveda for its bunch of anti-something magic abilities including being anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant and anticarcinogenic. As for turmeric and skincare, we have good news: studies show that the root extract and its main biologically active component, curcumin can do multiple good things for the skin. This is not hard at all as plenty of nuts (such as flax, poppy or sesame seeds) and vegetable oils (such as sunflower or safflower) are rich in LA. Witch hazel is a smallish tree (up to 5m) that's native to North-America, has nice yellow flowers and is similar to the hazelnut bush (hence the name). The essential oil coming from the rind of the orange. Probably the most common silicone of all. Works in synergy with Vitamin C. The essential oil coming from the peel of the mandarin orange. The retinoid family is pretty much the royal family of skincare, with the queen being the FDA-approved anti-aging ingredient tretinoin. The sodium salt form of skincare superstar, vitamin C. If you do not know what the big fuss about vitamin C is, you are missing out and you have to click here and read all the geeky details about it. In general, the main component of citrus peel oils is limonene (77-86% for mandarin peel), a super common fragrant ingredient that makes everything smell nice (but counts as a frequent skin sensitizer). It's a common little helper ingredient that helps water and oil to mix together. If you wanna become a real HA-and-the-skin expert you can read way more about the topic at hyaluronic acid (including penetration-questions, differences between high and low molecular weight versions and a bunch of references to scientific literature). A multi-functional helper ingredient that acts as a humectant and emollient. It can boost the effectiveness of phenoxyethanol (and other preservatives) and as an added bonus it feels nice on the skin too. olive), and in the sebum (the oily stuff our skin produces) of the human skin. Overall, a great option for dry skin but less so for acne-prone or damaged skin. The unsaturated (with double bonds) and hence less stable version of Squalane is Squalene, you can read about it here >>. Using nanosome technology, 12 types of vitamins (A, B1, B3, B5, B6, B8, B12, C,E,F,H) are combined to create a highly effective multi-vitamin blend that targets a wide variety of skin concerns such elasticity, brightness, hydration and nourishment. Cyclomethicone is not one type of silicone, but a whole mixture of them: it's a mix of specific chain length (4 to 7) cyclic structured silicone molecules. Product reviews written by real customers. A super commonly used 5 unit long, cyclic structured silicone that is water-thin and does not stay on the skin but evaporates from it (called volatile silicone). One of the best-selling (vitamin C) serums in Sephora is the Ole Henriksen Truth Serum, while on Amazon it's the OzNaturals Vitamin C 20 Serum. It’s traditionally used to improve small wounds, burns and scratches and it’s also a well known anti-inflammatory agent for eczema. It contains the terpenoids chamazulene and bisabolol both of which show great anti-inflammatory action in animal studies. We would add especially during the day! As for its use in cosmetic products, it is a handy multi-tasker that thickens up water-based formulas and also has some emulsifying and emulsion stabilizing properties. is drying. We even found a German study that compared the efficacy of Hamamelis ointment to panthenol ointment for soothing the skin in children (from 27 days to 11 years old).

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