All Rights Reserved. This is a clear, reasonable, even obvious deduction... and it's wrong. *Kelly Clarkson borrows the D from the parallel Ionian (Major) scale in the prechorus below.i - bVII - IV - bVI - bVIIAm - G - D - F - Gbreakaway (prechorus)Hopefully your knowledge of advanced music theory has increased by understanding the neapolitan chord, chord substitution and modal interchange. First let's start with the neapolitan chord. There are some rules to follow to begin with. But the Neapolitan chord is but one of the many tasty chromatic chords that you can use in your music. It is simply a bII (flat 2) major chord generally substituted for a ii chord or IV chord in a minor key. Subscribe to the MusicTheoryForGuitar YouTube channel by clicking the button below. ), First let's start with the neapolitan chord. And it does not end here! For example look at the following progression:i - iv - v - i or Amin - Dmin - Emin - AminThe neapolitan chord substitution would be the bII chord, which in this case is Bb Major, in place of the iv chord or Dmin chord.The new progression would be:i - bII - v - i or Amin - BbMaj - Emin - AminThe neapolitan chord is always a major chord and can be used in a Major key as well, but the neapolitan chord doesn't have the same effect as when used in a minor key. Because it does not take into account that the quality (major or minor) of the chords is not the only factor that determines tension. The two most popular modes are Ionian (which is the typical major scale) and Aeolian (which is the typical natural minor scale).Modal interchange is borrowing from a parallel scale. First let's start with the neapolitan chord. There's no obligation to buy anything. How about if we borrow the I chord from Aeolian as well? Generally Major scale borrow from parallel minor scales and vice versa. MODAL SONGSBefore we dive into progressions with modal interchange, lets look at some songs with progressions that aren't in your typical Ionian or Major key.AeolianAeolian is the relative minor scale to Ionian (major). To review the modes visit A Minor Scale. CHORD SUBSTITUTION WITH MODAL INTERCHANGE. So (I maj7) or (C maj7) becomes (C maj).Ok, so if you had I, IV and V or in this case C, F, and G, you could choose a different chord to spice up the progression. There is no modal interchange but the chord symbols change because it is minor. In music theory, a Neapolitan chord is a major chord built on the lowered second scale degree in a scale. How about if we borrow the IV- (4 minor) chord from Aeolian. It can also be labeled as “ ♭ II,” indicating a flatted major two chord. Continue to Part 5, Stairway to Heaven Chords, "Without music, life would be a mistake"- Nietzsche, FREE promo page for yourmusicon thissite! There are more than I can list here, and they are all the jealous secret of professional songwriters. *In these tunes the key is Aeolian (natural minor). Because, as you know, there is not only a Neapolitan chord (video above) but also there are two Neapolitan scales that you can use with this chord! For instance in this video we are going to see how changing two triads from minor to major (counterintuitively) can substantially increase the tension in a chord progression - and how you can do it too in your music. The NEAPOLITAN Minor Scale And The Neapolitan Chord - YouTube Notice the chords, i-, bIII, v-, bVI and bVII. Download the FREE Map of Music Theory that will tell you what is the next topic you need to study. Composers over the centuries have made the neapolitan chord substitution to add some flavor to a typical chord progression, but it can also be used in pop music. This is not to be confused with the relative minor scale which is just a major scale starting on the 6th degree.Confused? Below are the 7 modes with their corresponding chords built on top of them. Did you find this video helpful? It is simply a bII (flat 2) major chord generally substituted for a ii chord or IV chord in a minor key. In the chart above everything is a 7th chord but if you take away the 7ths, you have normal triads. What does “Neapolitan” mean? Firs of all, let's see the Neapolitan Minor scale: And then let's see the Neapolitan Major scale, and the kind of harmonies that you can get from it: But the Neapolitan chord is but one of the many tasty chromatic chords that you can use in your music. It is simply a, major chord generally substituted for a ii chord or IV chord in a minor key. Refer to the image above for symbols.i - bVII - bVI - bVI (tonic - dominant - subdominant)Am - G - F - FStairway to Heaven (coda of song) - Led ZeppelinDm - C - Bb (chorus)Sultans of Swing - Dire Straits i - bVII - bIII - bVI (tonic - dominant - tonic - subdominant)Am - G - C - FBreakaway (verse) - Kelly ClarksonGm - F - Bb - EbBreakeven (verse) - The ScriptI - bVII - I - bVII - IV (tonic - dominant - tonic - dominant - subdominant)D - C - D - C - GSuddenly I See (verse)IV - V - iii - vi (subdominant - dominant - tonic - tonic)G - A - F#m - BmSuddenly I See (prechorus)vi - iii - IV - I (tonic - tonic - subdominant - tonic)Bm - F#m - G - DSuddenly I See (chorus) - JT Tunstall. It's the same scale starting on the 6th degree so you it's the same chords just starting on the vi chord. Your email is kept 100% private and confidential and will NOT be shared, rented or sold. Now we have Cmin, Fmin and G. The world is your oyster! Come up with the NEW SOUND!Can you figure out where the neapolitan chord is borrowed from? Do not miss the next Music Theory videos! Now we have I, IV- and V or C, Fmin and G.You always borrow from the same chord number. Another name for this is modal interchange.Modal interchange is when we borrow from other scales and use chords outside of the diatonic scale. This is the course that you want if you ever had problems applying the concepts you learn to the guitar. If you find this site helpful please click "like" here... Advanced Music Theory and the Neapolitan Chord is part 4 in a series on How to Write a Song. However, once you are comfortable, the sky is the limit!You need to know your diatonic harmony in order for this to make sense and be useful. So, the chords are really this: vi VII I ii iii IV V. However, if we make the first chord the I chord it should really look like this: i, ii, bIII, iv, v, bVI, bVII. DorianHere are two pop tunes that are in the dorian mode. If you play a major triad and a minor triad to most people, and you ask them which of the two is more 'tense' and less 'happy', then the overwhelming majority will tell you that minor triads are more tense. To review diatonic harmony visit: C Major Chord and C Guitar Chord.I conclude this page with popular chord progressions that use the techniques and advanced music theory discussed on this page. (Include your bio, photos, videos and links! There are more than I can list here, and they are all the jealous secret of professional songwriters. To build a Neapolitan chord from this scale, you take the note on the second degree of the scale (so in this case, that note is B), flat it (so now it's Bb), and build a major chord off of it. In this course all the theory is done directly on the guitar fretboard, without doing any complex 'math'. So it stands to reason that if you want to create more tension in your chord progressions, you should use more minor triads and less major triads. I have left the chord symbols as if it's in Ionian or Major to avoid confusion. Another important factor for instance is how the chords in the progression relate to the tonic chord in the key. In music theory, a Neapolitan chord (or simply a "Neapolitan") is a major chord built on the lowered (flatted) second (supertonic) scale degree. If you want to learn all about these chords and how to write songs with them, then you can find here what you need: the Complete Chord Mastery guitar course. In Schenkerian analysis, it is known as a Phrygian II, since in minor scales the chord is built on the notes of the corresponding Phrygian mode.

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