Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Bruce: Cultural defence. Pentecostalism emphasizes the importance of family and community, and values hard-work and thrift, all of which offer practical support for helping to cope with poverty as well as a sense of spiritual status. This post summarizes four theories which seek to explain this trend: cultural transition theory, cultural defense theory, neo-marxism, and Weberianism. Steve Bruce (2002) sees one function of religion in today’s world as that of cultural defence. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. PEEL Paragraphs Cultural defence is where religion holds a focal point for the defence of national, ethnic, local or other group identity in a struggle against a external force such as a hostile foreign power. Cultural defence is when religion is used as a way defending a culture that is under threat. For example, in Poland Catholicism was a key part of Polish culture that was being oppressed by a Communist state. Defending the community against a threat often gives religion a prominent role in politics. This probably applies more to America than it does to the United Kingdom. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. How has globalisation impacted Organised Crime? This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. 5. Eventually, in 1979, an Islamic inspired revolution removed the Shah from power and led to the creation of an Islamic republic. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. 5. A function of religion is that it unites a community against an external threat and this often gives it a prominent role in politics. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. ( Log Out /  I just want to know how I can explain cultural defense within the context of religion and secularization. A level sociology revision – education, families, research methods, crime and deviance and more! on Reasons why Ethnic Minorities have Higher Levels of Religiosity. Poland and Iran are two examples which illustrate how religion can be used in defence of national identity in the face of political domination. Religious Fundamentalism and Cultural Defence 1. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Religious institutions, for example, provided a sense of community, and actually working together to build a ‘religious infrastructure’ promoted a sense of social solidarity. Unit 1 – Education with Methods in Context, Introduction to the Sociology of Education, Changing patterns in Marriage and Cohabitation, Changing patterns in childbearing and family size, Right Realist theory of crime control and prevention, Left Realist Theory of Crime control and prevention. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. In the UK, this certainly does not explain the experience of every ethnic minority group… Sikhs and Hindus (mainly of Indian origin) for example, experience lower levels of deprivation than whites. For example, in Poland Catholicism was a key part of Polish culture that was being oppressed by a Communist state. Ethnic minority groups tend to suffer from higher levels of exploitation, especially when they are used as scapegoats for some of society’s problems (as Stuart Hall argues in ‘. ( Log Out /  Defending the community against a threat often gives religion a prominent role in religion. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Weberians suggest that there is a relationship between poverty and religiosity. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! FUNDAMENTALISM Giddens identifies 5 characteristics of Fundamentalists Seek to return to traditional basics Believe their view is the only true view of the world Justify their views by reference to sacred texts and dogma (narrow minded beliefs) Avoid contact with people who hold … This later seems to be the case as third and fourth generation immigrants tend to display lower levels of religiosity than first and second generation immigrants. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. When the first waves of immigrants came to Britain from the West-Indies and Asia, religion helped immigrants deal with the stress of adjusting to a new culture. Defending the community against a threat often… Change ). In Poland between 1945 and 1989, the Catholic Church symbolized resistance to the Communist regime backed by the Soviet Union and served as a popular rallying point for opposition groups such as the trade union Solidarity. Cultural defense operates when there are two competing faiths jostling for prominence and religious loyalty is strengthened. One of the ways they responded to this was to establish their own forms of Pentecostal Christianity. Weber (1920) theorised that certain denominations and sects appeal to the deprived because they can help people cope with their deprivation. Cultural transition theory emphasizes the fact that most ethnic minorities in the UK originate from societies with higher levels of religiosity. Cultural defense theory suggests that religion helps some ethnic minority groups preserve a sense of unique cultural identity in the face of an unwelcoming and hostile mainstream culture. Neo-Marxist theory holds that religion has some degree of autonomy from the economic base, and that religious institutions can act as agents of revolutionary change for the oppressed. This is where religion serves to unite a community against an external threat. Ken Pryce’s (1979) research into the role of Pentacostalism among African-Caribbeans in the UK is a useful application of Weberianism. What is the definition of cultural defence? Steve Bruce (2002) sees one function of religion in today’s world as that of cultural defence. These cookies do not store any personal information. Cultural Defence. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. There does seem to be a correlation between religion, ethnicity and poverty…. Bruce argues that religion is used for either cultural defence or cultural transition. African-Caribbeans in the UK experience higher levels of poverty and have higher levels of religion. RELIGIOUS FUNDAMENTALISM CULTURAL DEFENCE 2. Cultural defense theory suggests that religion helps some ethnic minority groups preserve a sense of unique cultural identity in the face of an unwelcoming and hostile mainstream culture. Both Iran and Poland are examples of religion as cultural defence against a perceived external enemy and its local allies (the Shah and the Polish communist party) and the transnational dimension is an important element in understanding the role that religion played. Cultural defence is when religion is used as a way defending a culture that is under threat. In Poland, the external power was Soviet communism, while in Iran it was Western culture and capitalism. Learn how your comment data is processed. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. In both cases, therefore, the role of religion has to be understood in a transnational context. Bruce argues that religion is used for either cultural defence or cultural transition. ( Log Out /  In such situations, religion has special significance for its followers because it symbolises the group or society’s collective identity. In Iran, Islam became the focus for opposition to a corrupt, brutal, and Western-backed monarchy led the Shah. In such situations, religion has special significance for its followers because it symbolises the group or society’s collective identity. Religion can be a way to provide emotional support in the midst of racism and intolerance from mainstream society.

In Dino Dil Mera Full Song Lyrics, Where To Buy Kishka Near Me, How To Fight For Sole Custody Singapore, China Gourmet Greenfield, Calories In 100g Pickled Beetroot, Salted Caramel Mousse Recipe,